On June 4, the Ministry of Energy published the 2018-2032 edition of the National Electricity System Development Program (PRODESEN 2018-2032).
This document is released on a yearly basis with the objective of providing an updated status of the National Electricity System (SEN) in terms of power generation, transmission and distribution, as well as sharing the long-term vision that will allow Mexico to cover its future energy needs while complying with its greenhouse gas emissions goals in an effective and economic way. By adding 36.7GW of clean energy, withdrawing 11.7GW of conventional power generation and implementing efficiency measures and carbon capture and storage, Mexico expects to produce in 2032 a maximum of 138.6MTCO2 per year in the generation of electricity, a lower value than the commitment agreed with the United Nations in 2015.
PRODESEN expects a total required investment of MX$2 billion (US$98 million*) for the following 15 years to install the required infrastructure. Of that amount 84 percent is dedicated to generation, 9 percent to transmission and 7 percentage for distribution infrastructure projects. This total investment is 1.7 percent lower than that considered in the previous PRODESEN edition. It is also important to notice that, of the MX$1.7 billion (US$83 million*) to be invested in power generation installed capacity, 67 percent is expected to come from clean energies, of which 24 percent will come from wind and 13 percent from solar.
In terms of power generation installed capacity, the study shows that in 2017 Mexico had a total 75.68GW installed, of which 70.5 percent corresponds to conventional technologies and the rest to clean ones. Compared to the figure of 2016, clean capacity increased 5.4 percent, which equals 1.14GW. Of that amount, 59.1 percent came from wind parks and efficient cogeneration facilities. With that installed capacity the country generated a total of 329TWh, a figure 3.1 percent higher than the one registered in 2016. Clean energy accounted for 21.1 percent of the total amount of electricity generated. The biggest generators of clean electricity were hydroelectric units, nuclear units and wind parks, making up 45.9 percent, 15.75 percent and 15.3 percent of the clean energy generated, respectively.
As for capacity to be decommissioned, the study expects that for the period 2018-2032 a total of 7.42GW of conventional thermoelectric, 1.65GW of combined cycle, 1.4GW of coal, 1.17GW of turbogas and 0.1GW of internal combustion capacity will be out of the grid.
*Exchange rate for June 6, 2018 considered to be 20.3 Mexican Pesos per US Dollar
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